REANIMATING AND ENSURING EFFECTIVE USAGE OF ALREADY EXISTING WASH HARDWARE FOR THE DISTRESSED POPULATION OF KUMBA 3 MUNICIPALITY-SOUTHWEST REGION

PROBLEM STATEMENT

Since late 2017, long-running tensions in Cameroon’s North-West and South-West regions have escalated. With the proliferation of armed groups and deployment of defense forces, the crisis has increasingly shifted into armed conflict.

The humanitarian situation of the affected population has fast deteriorated. Insecurity and violence have forced more than 400,000 people to flee their homes and continue to have serious consequences on livelihoods and living conditions.

Around 351,000 IDPs and 372,000 people in the host community need water, sanitation and hygiene services.

Displaced people settled in their farms lack access to safe water sources. Household water treatment is not common, and typically many people lack the means and knowledge to ensure safe environmental friendly practices. Displaced populations in villages and urban areas also have poor access to safe water due to water supply system damage and poor maintenance. Available water and sanitation infrastructure is thus stretched. This in turn can increase financial strains on affected households in urban areas and increase the use of unprotected water sources. Consequently, most displaced populations and their hosts are also facing an increased risk of WASH-related diseases.

WASH responses to date have primarily been through the distribution of items to enable safe health and hygiene practices among the affected populations. Some water supply service repairs are being undertaken or planned. While an access constraint in a fluid security situation is a key constrain. There is local capacity to support distribution and more technical assistance. OCHA Cameroon.

In the locality of Kang Barombi of Kumba 3 Subdivision, the available water points are nonfunctional and access to portable drinking water is a call for concern. In Mabondo 1, Mapembe and Barombi Native, the taps which served as main water supplies has long dilapidated and are nonfunctional for 8, 2 and 7 years respectively due to lack of maintenance by the local community. They are currently facing a high level of water shortage especially during the dry season which is due to inconsistency of water supply by CAMWATER, with a majority of them not having WASH hardware in their homes as a result of lack of finance. Consequently, this problem has forced majority of the denizens to rely on unsafe water source which is not usually treated before consumption, in effect detrimental to the health of the entire household and the community at large. No one has attempted to solve this problem for the moment.

Our current project is designed to improve the already existing water points in this area, by making provisions for many outlets and also the rehabilitation of the water points which are nonfunctional thereby;

– Increasing access to potable drinking water to the entire population

-Promoting water and Sanitation hygiene thereby reducing diseases related to poor water and sanitation hygiene such as Cholera, diarrhea, etc.

– To enable proper sewage disposal (wastewater) through the provisions of washing hand basins as a receiver.

We intend to rehabilitate the already existing water points by making provisions of ten water outlets per water distribution point to reduce the disparities in access to water and sanitation.

PROJECT JUSTIFICATION

This project is beneficial at this moment because it will help to;

  • Improve the health condition of the local population.
  • Reduce the number of affected persons with diseases related to poor water and sanitation hygiene.
  • Reduce the risk of an epidemic diseases caused by poor hygiene and sanitation.
  • Increase the availability of potable drinking water to the local population.
  • Empower local community on sustainability to ensure effective usage of the water points through training.
  • Reduce long distances people have to walk to get portable drinking water.
  • Reduce the disparities in access to water and sanitation.
  • Impart a sense of ownership of the public water projects, which is quite essential in terms of project sustainability.
  • Increase experience by involving the community in the Design, Implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of the project.
  • Improve girls’ academic performance in schools. The time they spend in fetching water will now be directed to studies.

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

Our current project is designed to respond the problem mentioned in our problem statement.

The goal of our project is to contribute towards solving the problem of water and sanitation hygiene faced by the denizens of this local community through the conduction the following activities;

  • Rehabilitating the already existing water points.
  • Increasing the number of water outlets to ten per water distribution point.
  • Promoting water and Sanitation hygiene thereby reducing diseases related to poor water and sanitation hygiene.
  • Enabling proper sewage disposal (wastewater) through the provisions of washing hand basins as a receiver.

PROJECT OUTCOME

Outcome 1: Increased availability of access to potable drinking water

  • Rehabilitate water points to serve the needs of the distressed population
  • Increased number of water outlet per water distribution point

Outcome2: Awareness creation on hygiene promotion

  • Strengthening health education through door to door Sensitization campaign
  • Educate household on the various methods of water treatment management
  • Provision of water treatment tablets, water cans, wash hand basins.

Outcome 3: Decrease in the number of related diseases

  • Drastic drop of the number of diarrhea, typhoid cases in the community
  • Community mobilization in the promotion of safer practices